John F. Kennedy: Shaping The Future

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John F. Kennedy: Shaping The Future

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Kennedy and William Howard Taft are the only two U. Kennedy's favorite poems and he often asked his wife to recite it". The Kennedy family is one of the most established political families in the United States, having produced a president, three senators, three ambassadors, and multiple other representatives and politicians, both at the federal and state level. While a Congressman, Kennedy embarked on a seven-week trip to India, Japan, Vietnam , and Israel in , at which point he became close with his then year-old brother Bobby , as well as his year-old sister Pat.

Because they were several years apart in age, the brothers had previously seen little of each other. This 25,mile 40, km trip was the first extended time they had spent together and resulted in their becoming best friends. Kennedy came in third behind Martin Luther King Jr. Kennedy met his future wife, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier — , when he was a congressman. Charles L. Bartlett , a journalist, introduced the pair at a dinner party. John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. John Jr. However, he died after 2 days due to complications from birth. Kennedy and his wife were younger in comparison to the presidents and first ladies who preceded them, and both were popular in the media culture in ways more common to pop singers and movie stars than politicians, influencing fashion trends and becoming the subjects of numerous photo spreads in popular magazines.

Although Eisenhower had allowed presidential press conferences to be filmed for television, Kennedy was the first president to ask for them to be broadcast live and made good use of the medium. Kennedy brought new art and furniture to the White House and directed its restoration. They invited a range of artists, writers and intellectuals to rounds of White House dinners, raising the profile of the arts in America. On the White House lawn, the Kennedys established a swimming pool and tree house, while Caroline attended a preschool along with 10 other children inside the home.

The president was closely tied to popular culture, emphasized by songs such as " Twisting at the White House". Vaughn Meader 's First Family comedy album, which parodied the president, the first lady, their family, and the administration, sold about four million copies. President " at a large party in Madison Square Garden , celebrating Kennedy's upcoming forty-fifth birthday. Despite a privileged youth, Kennedy was plagued by a series of childhood diseases, including whooping cough , chicken pox , measles , and ear infections. These ailments compelled JFK to spend a considerable amount of time in bed or at least indoors convalescing. Three months prior to his third birthday, in , Kennedy came down with scarlet fever , a highly contagious and life-threatening disease, and was admitted to Boston City Hospital.

Years after Kennedy's death, it was revealed that in September , while Kennedy was 30 and in his first term in Congress, he was diagnosed by Sir Daniel Davis at The London Clinic with Addison's disease , a rare endocrine disorder. Davis estimated that Kennedy would not live for another year, while Kennedy himself hoped he could live for an additional ten. Janet Travell revealed that Kennedy also had hypothyroidism. The presence of two endocrine diseases raises the possibility that Kennedy had autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2 APS 2.

Kennedy also suffered from chronic and severe back pain, for which he had surgery and was written up in the American Medical Association 's Archives of Surgery. Kennedy's condition may have had diplomatic repercussions, as he appears to have been taking a combination of drugs to treat severe back pain during the Vienna Summit with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. The combination included hormones, animal organ cells, steroids, vitamins, enzymes, and amphetamines, and possible potential side effects included hyperactivity, hypertension , impaired judgment, nervousness, and mood swings.

Into late , disagreements existed among Kennedy's doctors concerning his proper balance of medication and exercise. The president preferred the former because he was short on time and desired immediate relief. Nassir Ghaemi, a physician who reviewed Kennedy's medical records in his presidential archives, has opined that Kennedy's leadership e. Ghaemi concluded there was a "correlation; it is not causation, but it may not be coincidence either". In , Robert Dallek wrote an extensive history of Kennedy's health.

Dallek was able to consult a collection of Kennedy-associated papers from the years —, including X-rays and prescription records from the files of Dr. According to Travell's records, during his presidential years Kennedy suffered from high fevers; stomach, colon, and prostate issues; abscesses; high cholesterol; and adrenal problems. Travell kept a "Medicine Administration Record," cataloging Kennedy's medications: "injected and ingested corticosteroids for his adrenal insufficiency; procaine shots and ultrasound treatments and hot packs for his back; Lomotil, Metamucil, paregoric, phenobarbital, testosterone, and trasentine to control his diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, and weight loss; penicillin and other antibiotics for his urinary-tract infections and an abscess; and Tuinal to help him sleep.

Kennedy's older brother Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. His wife Jacqueline Kennedy suffered a miscarriage in and a stillbirth in a daughter informally named Arabella. Kennedy was single in the s while having relationships with Danish journalist Inga Arvad [] and actress Gene Tierney. The extent of Kennedy's relationship with Monroe is not fully known, although it has been reported that they spent a weekend together in March while he was staying at Bing Crosby 's house. Kennedy inspired affection and loyalty from the members of his team and his supporters.

Lem Billings was a close and long-time friend of Kennedy and the Kennedy family. Billings had his own room in which to stay at several of John F. Kennedy's residences. Though there has never been any proof of homosexual activity between them, Kennedy would often, and even when married, share a bedroom with his lifelong friend. Television was the primary source that kept people informed of the events that surrounded Kennedy's assassination. In fact, television started to come of age before the assassination.

On September 2, , Kennedy helped inaugurate network television's first half-hour nightly evening newscast according to an interview with CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite. Newspapers were kept as souvenirs rather than sources of updated information. TV coverage united the nation, interpreting what went on, and creating memories of this space in time. The assassination had an effect on many people, not only in the United States but around the world.

Many vividly remember where they were when they first learned the news that Kennedy was assassinated, as with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, , before it and the September 11 attacks after it. The term "Camelot" came to be used retrospectively as iconic of the Kennedy administration, and the charisma of Kennedy and his family. The term was first publicly used by his wife in a post-assassination Life magazine interview with Theodore H. White , in which she revealed his affection for the contemporary Broadway musical of the same name , particularly the closing lines of the title song: []. Don't let it be forgot, that once there was a spot, for one brief, shining moment that was known as Camelot.

There'll be great presidents again At the commemoration of the 25th anniversary of Kennedy's death, General Michael D. Later, a wreath in the form of the Green Beret would be placed on the grave, continuing a tradition that began the day of his funeral when a sergeant in charge of a detail of Special Forces men guarding the grave placed his beret on the coffin. Navy, [] and one of the enduring legacies of his administration was the creation in of another special forces command, the Navy SEALs , [] which Kennedy enthusiastically supported. Kennedy's civil rights proposals led to the Civil Rights Act of Johnson, Kennedy's successor, took up the mantle and pushed the landmark Civil Rights Act through a bitterly divided Congress by invoking the slain president's memory.

This civil rights law ended what was known as the " Solid South " and certain provisions were modeled after the Civil Rights Act of , signed into law by President Ulysses S. Kennedy's continuation of Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower's policies of giving economic and military aid to South Vietnam left the door open for President Johnson's escalation of the conflict. The Vietnam War contributed greatly to a decade of national difficulties, amid violent disappointment on the political landscape. Many of Kennedy's speeches especially his inaugural address are considered iconic; and despite his relatively short term in office, and the lack of major legislative changes coming to fruition during his term, he is considered by many Americans to be in the upper echelon of presidents.

In The Times published an audio recreation of the "watchmen on the walls of world freedom" speech he was scheduled to deliver at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, In , he was awarded the Laetare Medal by the University of Notre Dame , considered the most prestigious award for American Catholics. It was named after a encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII that calls upon all people of goodwill to secure peace among all nations. Kennedy also posthumously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in The LIFE article represented the first use of the term "Camelot" in print and is attributed with having played a major role in establishing and fixing this image of the Kennedy Administration and period in the popular mind.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Jfk. For other uses, see John F. Kennedy disambiguation. Oval Office portrait, Jacqueline Bouvier. Arabella Caroline John Jr. Joseph P. Rose Fitzgerald. Main articles: John F. Kennedy presidential campaign , Democratic Party presidential primaries , and United States presidential election. Play media. Main article: Presidency of John F. For a chronological guide to this subject, see Timeline of the John F. Kennedy presidency. Kennedy's Inaugural Address. Main article: Foreign policy of the John F. Kennedy administration. Main article: Bay of Pigs Invasion. Main article: Cuban Missile Crisis. Address on the Buildup of Arms in Cuba. Kennedy addressing the nation on October 22, , about the buildup of arms on Cuba.

Cuban Missile Crisis. Establishment of the Peace Corps. Kennedy's announcement of the establishment of the Peace Corps. World Peace Speech. Speech from American University by John F. Kennedy, June 10, duration A Strategy of Peace. JFK's Ich bin ein Berliner speech. See also: New Frontier. See also: Recession of — and Kennedy Slide of Main article: John F. Kennedy Supreme Court candidates. Main article: List of federal judges appointed by John F. Main article: Assassination of John F. Main article: State funeral of John F. Further information: Kennedy family. Main article: Kennedy curse. Main article: List of memorials to John F. Kennedy comments on the possible prevention of the Cold War. President Kennedy comments on the possible prevention of the Cold War.

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