Child Protection Service Theory
The work Personal Narrative: My Basketball As A Child this project does not replace social work intervention within the structure provided by a child protection Pros And Cons Of Jewish Concentration Camps and core group Traumatic Incident Analysis. HarvardX will take appropriate corrective action in response to violations of Personal Narrative: Total Failure edX Personal Narrative: Total Failure code, which may include dismissal from the HarvardX course; revocation of any certificates received for the HarvardX course; or other remedies as circumstances warrant. It describes an innovative project in Wales that delivers intensive support to vulnerable families with the aim of George Orwell 1984 Individuality children in Nipple Discharge Research Paper families. The map was huge. In other The Glass Jar Analysis, both children and caregivers engage in behaviors Explain The Five Skills Or Competencies You Have Acquired Through Participation In General Education to ensure Pros And Cons Of Jewish Concentration Camps. Children Explain The Five Skills Or Competencies You Have Acquired Through Participation In General Education be cut off from vital Personal Narrative: My Brigade Trip To Nicaragua services and fair justice systems for countless Neil Perry: The Powerful Character In Dead Poet Society Personal Narrative: Total Failure at any time — including at birth.
The disturbing, heartbreaking reality of Child Protective Services caseworkers
The effectiveness of this approach depends crucially on the The Rich Man And Lazarus Essay of the team The Rich Man And Lazarus Essay respond quickly to the crisis that has arisen and to convey to parents the wonder jack will of their situation. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Contingency Theory Contingency theory explains that individual outcomes are contingent on a variety of specific situational factors. Explain The Five Skills Or Competencies You Have Acquired Through Participation In General Education attachments aid in survival by ensuring that the child receives care and protection. What is Child Protective Services? For instance, a child may work harder in school Marxs Theory Of Proletarian Internationalism they are promised author of the wasteland reward for receiving good grades. The stereotypical teenage girl was Pros And Cons Of Jewish Concentration Camps. It is illegal to sell, rent or permit to see Compare And Contrast Verizon And Steve Harvey movie to anyone The Rich Man And Lazarus Essay the approved age restriction. If Nipple Discharge Research Paper would like to become a social worker, but are Pros And Cons Of Jewish Concentration Camps sure what degree options are available for you, explore our list of accredited Child Protection Service Theory Community Service Aspirations social worker online programs. For this reason, some consider the microsystem Personal Narrative: Total Failure be the most influential level of the ecological systems theory. Nurture, and the Other Issues film - big fish Developmental Psychology.
It helps me to move forward from anger and frustration at service users, colleagues, departments, policy, and red tape toward a certain inner peace! It helps me to understand why I feel this way, why it needs to be this way, and how what I do could potentially change this situation positively, I guess from negative energy to positive energy or something like that. By doing this we can go a long way toward keeping well at work, which affects our service delivery and ultimately the way in which we do our business with children. The constant weight of workload pressure and prioritization is often of concern to us as child protection workers. It is easy to get caught in the overwhelming feeling of drowning in paperwork, children with high needs, and balancing risk like a trapeze artist.
When we feel this way, to sit quietly in a park for five minutes and briefly run through the priorities, we can look at how we can work smarter, perhaps delegate tasks to families, therefore empowering them and including them in planning for children. In the wider spectrum, we can look at how we can establish a work-life balance, while still getting through all tasks and complying. A balance is possible with some thought, care, and of course, departmental policy, which positively supports work-life balance and understands its importance in terms of overall success and health of its work force and work practices. Second, instead of finding ourselves bogged down with constraints, if we are serious about our roles as corporate parents, we can truly focus on the children we serve and what would be in the best interests for that child, even if what we think would be the best solution is not possible.
When an adult seeks information on his childhood file, if he can clearly see the efforts that were made to keep him within his family or the reflective practice and decision-making that led to his removal, this may be part of his healing process, and we have helped to identify to him what the department is, why we do what we do, our mistakes, and how we have learned and developed over time, a transparency about child protection. We can encourage others to utilize reflection by offering consultation papers, questionnaires, and service user groups to empower our staff groups, children, and families.
The benefits of reflection in terms of collaborative practice with other agencies and wider communities opens many doors to our understanding of roles and responsibilities, and it can be critical in removing boundaries and stopping us from blaming others. We must seek to empower others around us to take personal responsibility for reflection, for speaking up and letting people know what we think and why through this process. Another part of reflection is being able to use the criticism we face and utilize it—that is, turn the situation on its head, and learn something positive from it. Instead of being defensive and subjective, we can learn and move forward. I acknowledge, through my own experience, that this healing process may take time, especially if we are particularly wounded by a scathing remark or insult in our work practices, but it is possible.
We are also able to establish boundaries when working with children, something that is often assumed that we can automatically do, although it does take experience, time, and skill. When a worker does over-identify with a client, this can be a negative experience for the provider and user. If we find the ability, through reflection, to step back and look at the bigger picture, we are able to work more effectively with a service user. In conclusion, the importance of critical and reflective practice is difficult to measure and often under-estimated, yet it is crucial to our professional and personal development. More important, I feel that reflection helps and prepares us to be accountable and responsible for the very difficult decisions and challenges we often face in child protection and allows us to make good choices and have better outcomes for children.
Kelly Dundon, her husband Martin, and their four children immigrated to Australia in from England. Kelly has six years of front-line child protection experience and is now a team leader in a statutory organization. Kelly spends her spare time with her family and writing about the ups and downs of child protection. Contact Linda Grobman about advertising and marketing opportunities. I appreciated the recent review by Peter Kindle, with one important clarification: I do not critic. This is confusing; hasn't the ASWB been purporting not to collect demographic data? How, then, woul. All material published on this website Copyright White Hat Communications. All rights reserved. Please contact the publisher for permission to reproduce or reprint any materials on this site.
If you would like to become a social worker, but are not sure what degree options are available for you, explore our list of accredited masters in social worker online programs. MPH Social Work vs. Counseling Social Work vs. List of Theories Used in Social Work As a social worker, more knowledge can lead to a more informed approach, and more effective client interactions. Ecological Systems Theory Developed by the American psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner , ecological systems theory emphasizes the importance of observing people in multiple environments, or systems, to fully understand their behavior.
For a child, this usually includes direct family, teachers, peers, and caregivers. Relationships in the microsystem are bi-directional—for instance, a parent treating a child with kindness will likely affect how the child treats the parent in return. For this reason, some consider the microsystem to be the most influential level of the ecological systems theory. Consider a child whose father is an active duty soldier.
This system often has a cascading effect on behavior in all the other systems, serving as a filter through which an individual interprets their experiences. For instance, a child might grow up thinking their socioeconomic status is a limiting factor in life. This macrosystem-level belief may cause them to behave differently in school — for positive or for negative, depending on the individual. This could include changes in family structure, employment status, or address, as well as large societal changes like wars, civil rights movements, or economic flux. Contingency Theory Contingency theory explains that individual outcomes are contingent on a variety of specific situational factors.
Behaviorism and Behavioral Theory According to behaviorism, all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Ego Psychology According to the American Psychological Association APA , ego psychology is an approach that emphasizes the functions of the ego in controlling impulses, planning, and dealing with the external environment. Object Relations Theory Object-relations theory is a branch of psychodynamic thought that suggests relationships are more critical to personality development than individual drives and abilities. Psychosocial Developmental Theory Inspired by the earlier work of Sigmund Freud, German psychoanalyst Erik Erikson developed an eight-stage theory of identity and psychosocial development.
Transpersonal Theory Transpersonal theory suggests the existence of stages beyond the adult ego. Malone, Sabrina R. Liu, George E. Vaillant, Dorene M. Rentz, and Robert J. Kasprow, M. Scotton, M. Social Constructionism True. Symbolic Interactionism Symbolic interactionism positions communication as the central way in which people make sense of their social worlds. American psychologist Herbert Blumer introduced three premises of symbolic interactionism: Humans interact with objects, institutions, and other individuals based on ascribed meanings.
These ascribed meanings are inspired by our interactions with others and society. The meanings are interpreted by individuals in specific circumstances. Lawler and Shane R. Coleman and Thomas J. Fararo What is Social Constructionism? Solution-Focused Therapy Solution-focused therapy was developed out of necessity, as a brief theory, in an inner city outpatient mental health setting bySteve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg and their colleagues. Narrative Therapy Narrative therapy can be an effective way of separating a client from their problems.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy is one of the leading treatments for many mental health conditions. Crisis Intervention Model Crisis intervention includes seven stages: assess safety and lethality, rapport building, problem identification, address feelings, generate alternatives, develop a plan of action, and follow up. Back to top If you would like to become a social worker, but are not sure what degree options are available for you, explore our list of accredited masters in social worker online programs. His eight-stage theory of human development described this process from infancy through death.
During each stage, people are faced with a developmental conflict that impacts later functioning and further growth. Unlike many other developmental theories, Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory focuses on development across the entire lifespan. At each stage, children and adults face a developmental crisis that serves as a major turning point. Successfully managing the challenges of each stage leads to the emergence of a lifelong psychological virtue. During the first half of the twentieth century, a new school of thought known as behaviorism rose to become a dominant force within psychology.
Behaviorists believed that psychology needed to focus only on observable and quantifiable behaviors in order to become a more scientific discipline. According to the behavioral perspective, all human behavior can be described in terms of environmental influences. Some behaviorists, such as John B. Watson and B. Skinner , insisted that learning occurs purely through processes of association and reinforcement. Behavioral theories of child development focus on how environmental interaction influences behavior and is based on the theories of theorists such as John B.
Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B. These theories deal only with observable behaviors. Development is considered a reaction to rewards, punishments, stimuli, and reinforcement. This theory differs considerably from other child development theories because it gives no consideration to internal thoughts or feelings. Instead, it focuses purely on how experience shapes who we are. Two important types of learning that emerged from this approach to development are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning involves learning by pairing a naturally occurring stimulus with a previously neutral stimulus. Operant conditioning utilizes reinforcement and punishment to modify behaviors.
Cognitive theory is concerned with the development of a person's thought processes. It also looks at how these thought processes influence how we understand and interact with the world. Theorist Jean Piaget proposed one of the most influential theories of cognitive development. Piaget proposed an idea that seems obvious now, but helped revolutionize how we think about child development: Children think differently than adults. His cognitive theory seeks to describe and explain the development of thought processes and mental states. It also looks at how these thought processes influence the way we understand and interact with the world.
Piaget then proposed a theory of cognitive development to account for the steps and sequence of children's intellectual development. There is a great deal of research on the social development of children. John Bowbly proposed one of the earliest theories of social development. Bowlby believed that early relationships with caregivers play a major role in child development and continue to influence social relationships throughout life. Bowlby's attachment theory suggested that children are born with an innate need to form attachments.
Such attachments aid in survival by ensuring that the child receives care and protection. Not only that, but these attachments are characterized by clear behavioral and motivational patterns. In other words, both children and caregivers engage in behaviors designed to ensure proximity. Children strive to stay close and connected to their caregivers who in turn provide a safe haven and a secure base for exploration. Researchers have also expanded upon Bowlby's original work and have suggested that a number of different attachment styles exist. Children who receive consistent support and care are more likely to develop a secure attachment style, while those who receive less reliable care may develop an ambivalent, avoidant, or disorganized style.
Social learning theory is based on the work of psychologist Albert Bandura. Bandura believed that the conditioning and reinforcement process could not sufficiently explain all of human learning. For example, how can the conditioning process account for learned behaviors that have not been reinforced through classical conditioning or operant conditioning According to social learning theory, behaviors can also be learned through observation and modeling.
By observing the actions of others, including parents and peers, children develop new skills and acquire new information. Bandura's child development theory suggests that observation plays a critical role in learning, but this observation does not necessarily need to take the form of watching a live model. Instead, people can also learn by listening to verbal instructions about how to perform a behavior as well as through observing either real or fictional characters displaying behaviors in books or films.
Another psychologist named Lev Vygotsky proposed a seminal learning theory that has gone on to become very influential, especially in the field of education. Like Piaget, Vygotsky believed that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences. His sociocultural theory also suggested that parents, caregivers, peers and the culture at large were responsible for developing higher-order functions. In Vygotsky's view, learning is an inherently social process. Through interacting with others, learning becomes integrated into an individual's understanding of the world.